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Anthony FT Brown, Michael D Cadogan

Emergency Medicine: Diagnosis and Management 8th New edition

67,90€
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Prekės kodas: 9780367469900
Autorius: 
Anthony FT Brown, Michael D Cadogan
ISBN: 
9780367469900
Leidykla: 
CRC Press
Išleista: 
2021
Knygos kalba: 
Anglų
Formatas: 
A5
Viršelis: 
Minkštas
Puslapių: 
533
Svoris: 0,850 kg
Matmenys: 198 mm × 0 mm × 129 mm

Tema (-os)

Visos knygos · Anesteziologija. Reanimatologija · Greitoji medicinos pagalba · Naujos knygos anglų kalba

Dalintis

     

The eighth edition of this international bestselling emergency medicine handbook has been completely revised and updated to include the latest evidence-based guidelines and treatment protocols underpinning best practice in emergency medical care. Carefully designed to suit the needs of interns and resident doctors working in the emergency department as well as specialist trainees, the book covers the full range of emergencies - general medical, infectious disease and foreign travel-related, toxicological, surgical, paediatric, obstetric and gynaecological, ophthalmic and psychiatric - as well as practical procedures and administrative and legal issues.
Preface xxi
Acknowledgements xxiii
Section I CRITICAL CARE EMERGENCIES

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
2 (11)
Initial approach
2 (4)
Definitive care
6 (7)
Acute Upper Airway Obstruction
13 (2)
Shocked Patient
15 (9)
General approach
15 (4)
Hypovolaemic shock
19 (2)
Septic shock
21 (3)
Unconscious Patient
24 (3)
Anaphylaxis
27 (2)
Severe Head Injury
29 (5)
Critical Care Areas Drug Infusion Guidelines
34 (7)
Further Reading
41 (3)
Section II GENERAL MEDICAL EMERGENCIES

Chest Pain
44 (16)
Acute coronary syndrome
44 (1)
ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
44 (4)
Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina
48 (3)
Non-cardiac chest pain
51 (1)
Pulmonary embolus
51 (4)
Venous thromboembolism with deep vein thrombosis
55 (2)
Aortic dissection
57 (1)
Pericarditis
58 (1)
Pleurisy
59 (1)
Abdominal causes of chest pain
59 (1)
Musculoskeletal and chest wall pain
60 (1)
Cardiac Arrhythmias
60 (5)
Breathless Patient
65 (11)
Acute asthma
65 (3)
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)
68 (3)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
71 (2)
Pneumothorax
73 (2)
Pulmonary embolus
75 (1)
Pulmonary oedema
75 (1)
Acute upper airway obstruction
76 (1)
Acute Gastroenterology Conditions
76 (4)
Upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage
76 (2)
Primary peritonitis
78 (1)
Inflammatory bowel disease
79 (1)
Diabetic Coma and Pre-Coma
80 (3)
Diabetic ketoacidosis
80 (2)
Hyperosmolar, hyperglycaemic state
82 (1)
Altered Conscious Level
83 (6)
Confused patient
83 (4)
Alcohol-related medical problems
87 (1)
Patient with an altered conscious level and smelling of alcohol
87 (1)
Alcohol withdrawal
88 (1)
Acute Neurological Conditions
89 (11)
Syncope
90 (2)
Seizure (fit)
92 (2)
Generalized convulsive status epilepticus
94 (1)
Transient ischaemic attack
95 (2)
Stroke
97 (3)
Headache
100 (8)
Meningitis
101 (1)
Subarachnoid haemorrhage
102 (1)
Space-occupying lesion
103 (1)
Temporal arteritis
104 (1)
Acute narrow-angle glaucoma
104 (1)
Hypertensive encephalopathy
104 (1)
Migraine
105 (2)
Tension (muscle contraction) headache
107 (1)
Post-traumatic headache
107 (1)
Disease in other cranial structures
108 (1)
Allergic or Immunological Conditions
108 (2)
Urticaria (hives)
108 (1)
Angioedema
109 (1)
Skin Disorders
110 (6)
Blistering (vesicobullous) conditions
110 (1)
Pruritus (itching conditions)
111 (2)
Purpuric conditions
113 (1)
Exanthematous diseases
114 (1)
Malignant melanoma
115 (1)
Elderly Patient
116 (3)
Disordered behaviour in the elderly
117 (1)
Falls in the elderly
118 (1)
Further Reading
119 (3)
Section III ACID-BASE, ELECTROLYTE AND RENAL EMERGENCIES

Acid-Base Disturbances
122 (8)
Arterial blood gas interpretation
122 (2)
Metabolic acidosis
124 (3)
Metabolic alkalosis
127 (1)
Respiratory acidosis
128 (1)
Respiratory alkalosis
129 (1)
Electrolyte Disorders
130 (9)
Potassium disorders
130 (1)
Hyperkalemia
130 (2)
Hypokalemia
132 (2)
Sodium disorders
134 (1)
Hypernatraemia
134 (1)
Hyponatraemia
135 (1)
Calcium disorders
136 (1)
Hypercalcaemia
136 (1)
Hypocalcaemia
137 (1)
Magnesium disorders
138 (1)
Hypermagnesaemia
138 (1)
Hypomagnesaemia
139 (1)
Acute Renal Failure
139 (3)
Acute Kidney Injury
139 (3)
Further Reading
142 (2)
Section IV INFECTIOUS DISEASE AND FOREIGN TRAVEL EMERGENCIES

Febrile Neutropenic Patient
144 (1)
Hepatitis
145 (1)
Gastrointestinal Tract Infection
146 (1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
147 (1)
Needlestick and Sharps Incidents
148 (2)
Inoculation incident with HFV risk
148 (1)
Inoculation incident with hepatitis risk
149 (1)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
150 (3)
Tuberculosis
153 (1)
Bites with Rabies or Other Lyssavirus Risk
154 (2)
Rabies and lyssavirus risk
154 (2)
Common Imported Diseases of Travellers
156 (4)
Malaria
156 (2)
Typhoid
158 (1)
Dengue
158 (1)
Typhus and spotted fevers
159 (1)
Helminth infections
159 (1)
Pandemic Influenza
160 (1)
Further Reading
161 (3)
Section V SURGICAL EMERGENCIES

Multiple Injuries
164 (5)
Further Diagnosis and Management of Multiple Injuries: Definitive Care
169 (1)
Head and Facial Injuries
169 (1)
Neck Injuries
170 (7)
Cervical spine injury
170 (5)
Airway injury
175 (1)
Vascular injury in the neck
175 (1)
Nerve injury in the neck
176 (1)
Oesophageal injury
176 (1)
Neck sprain
176 (1)
Chest Injuries
177 (7)
Pneumothorax
177 (1)
Haemothorax
178 (1)
Rib and sternum fractures
178 (1)
Myocardial contusion
179 (1)
Aortic rupture
180 (1)
Diaphragm rupture
181 (1)
Oesophageal rupture
182 (1)
Penetrating chest injury
182 (2)
Abdominal and Pelvic Trauma
184 (6)
Blunt abdominal trauma
184 (1)
Ruptured spleen
185 (1)
Penetrating abdominal trauma
186 (1)
Pelvic injury
187 (1)
Blunt renal injury
188 (1)
Penetrating renal injury
189 (1)
Bladder and urethral injuries
189 (1)
Additional Orthopaedic Injuries in Multiple Trauma
190 (3)
Thoracic and lumbosacral spine injury
190 (1)
Limb injury
191 (2)
Head Injury
193 (2)
Conscious head injury
193 (2)
Burns
195 (6)
Major burns
195 (4)
Minor burns and scalds
199 (1)
Minor burns of the hand
200 (1)
Minor burns of the face
201 (1)
Acute Abdomen
201 (16)
Seriously ill patient
201 (1)
Stable patient with an acute abdomen
202 (2)
Causes of acute abdominal pain
204 (1)
Acute appendicitis
204 (1)
Intestinal obstruction
205 (1)
Perforation of a viscus
206 (1)
Diverticulitis
206 (1)
Biliary colic
207 (1)
Acute cholecystitis
207 (1)
Ascending cholangitis
208 (1)
Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm
208 (1)
Ischaemic colitis
209 (1)
Mesenteric infarction
210 (1)
Acute pancreatitis
210 (1)
Renal and ureteric colic
211 (1)
Pyelonephritis
212 (1)
Acute urinary retention
213 (1)
Acute epididymo-orchitis
213 (1)
Acute testicular torsion
214 (1)
Retroperitoneal haemorrhage
214 (1)
Gynaecological causes
215 (1)
Medical disorders presenting with acute abdominal pain
215 (2)
Further Reading
217 (3)
Section VI ORTHOPAEDIC EMERGENCIES

Injuries to the Shoulder and Upper Arm
220 (6)
Fractures of the clavicle
220 (1)
Acromioclavicular dislocation
220 (1)
Sternoclavicular dislocation
221 (1)
Fractures of the scapula
221 (1)
Anterior dislocation of the shoulder
222 (2)
Posterior dislocation of the shoulder
224 (1)
Fractures of the upper humerus
225 (1)
Fractures of the shaft of the humerus
225 (1)
Injuries to the Elbow and Forearm
226 (6)
Supracondylar fracture of the humerus
226 (1)
Condylar and epicondyiar fractures of the humerus
227 (1)
Dislocation of the elbow
228 (1)
Pulled elbow
229 (1)
Fractures of the olecranon
230 (1)
Fractures of the radial head
230 (1)
Fractures of the radial and ulnar shafts
231 (1)
Injuries to the Wrist and Hand
232 (12)
Colles' fracture
232 (2)
Smith's fracture
234 (1)
Barton's fracture-dislocation
234 (1)
Radial styloid fracture
235 (1)
Distal radial fractures in children
235 (1)
Fractures of the scaphoid
236 (1)
Dislocations of the carpus
237 (1)
Fractures of the other carpal bones
238 (1)
Fractures of the thumb metacarpal
239 (1)
Dislocation of the thumb metacarpal
239 (1)
Rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament
240 (1)
Fractures of the other metacarpals
240 (1)
Fractures of the proximal and middle phalanges
241 (1)
Fractures of the distal phalanges
242 (1)
Dislocation of the phalanges
242 (1)
Flexor tendon injuries in the hand
243 (1)
Extensor tendon injuries in the hand
243 (1)
Digital nerve injuries
244 (1)
Fingertip injuries
244 (1)
Cervical Spine Injuries
244 (1)
Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Injuries
245 (1)
Pelvic Injuries
245 (1)
Injuries to the Hip and Upper Femur
245 (2)
Dislocation of the hip
245 (1)
Fractures of the neck of the femur
246 (1)
Fractures of the shaft of the femur
247 (1)
Injuries to the Lower Femur, Knee and Upper Tibia
247 (5)
Supracondylar and condylar fractures of the femur
247 (1)
Fractures of the patella and injury to the quadriceps apparatus
248 (1)
Dislocation of the patella
248 (1)
Soft-tissue injuries of the knee
249 (2)
Dislocation of the knee
251 (1)
Fractures of the tibial condyles
251 (1)
Injuries to the Lower Tibia, Ankle and Foot
252 (7)
Fractures of the shaft of the tibia
252 (1)
Isolated fractures of the fibula
252 (1)
Inversion ankle injuries
253 (1)
Other ankle injuries
254 (1)
Dislocation of the ankle
255 (1)
Fractures and dislocation of the talus
255 (1)
Fractures of the calcaneus
256 (1)
Rupture of the tendo achilles
256 (1)
Mid-tarsal dislocations
257 (1)
Metatarsal injuries and tarsometatarsal dislocations
257 (1)
Fractures of the phalanges of the foot
258 (1)
Dislocations of the phalanges of the foot
258 (1)
Further Reading
259 (3)
Section VII MUSCULOSKELETAL AND SOFT-TISSUE EMERGENCIES

Soft-Tissue Injuries
262 (9)
Tetanus prophylaxis
265 (2)
Crush injury and compartment syndrome
267 (1)
Necrotising fasciitis
268 (1)
Puncture injuries
269 (1)
Hand infections
269 (1)
Pre-tibial laceration
270 (1)
Acute Arthropathy
271 (4)
Acute monoarthritis
271 (1)
Septic arthritis
271 (1)
Gouty arthritis
272 (1)
Pseudogout
273 (1)
Traumatic haemarthrosis
273 (1)
Acute polyarthritis
274 (1)
Rheumatoid arthritis
275 (1)
Osteoarthritis
275 (1)
Non-Articular Rheumatism
275 (4)
Torticollis (wry neck)
276 (1)
Frozen shoulder
276 (1)
Rotator cuff tear: supraspinatus rupture
277 (1)
Supraspinatus tendonitis
277 (1)
Subacromial bursitis
278 (1)
Tennis and golfer's elbow
278 (1)
Olecranon bursitis
278 (1)
De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis
278 (1)
Carpal tunnel syndrome
279 (1)
Prepatellar bursitis
279 (1)
Back Pain
279 (3)
Direct back trauma
280 (1)
Indirect mechanical back trauma
280 (1)
Severe or atypical, non-traumatic back pain
281 (1)
Mild to moderate, non-traumatic back pain
282 (1)
Further Reading
282 (2)
Section VIII PAEDIATRIC EMERGENCIES

General Assessment
284 (2)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
286 (7)
Breathless Child
293 (6)
Asthma
294 (1)
Bronchiolitis
295 (1)
Pneumonia
296 (2)
Anaphylaxis
298 (1)
Stridor
299 (3)
Croup (acute laryngotracheobronchitis)
299 (1)
Inhaled foreign body
300 (1)
Epiglottitis (supraglottitis)
301 (1)
Abdominal Pain, Diarrhoea and Vomiting
302 (6)
Acute abdominal pain
302 (1)
Intussusception
303 (1)
Diarrhoea, vomiting and dehydration
304 (4)
Febrile Child
308 (3)
Seizures and Febrile Convulsions
311 (3)
Seizures
311 (2)
Febrile convulsions
313 (1)
Acute Poisoning
314 (2)
Limping Child
316 (2)
Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy
318 (1)
Child Abuse (Non-Accidental Injury)
319 (2)
Further Reading
321 (3)
Section IX OBSTETRIC AND GYNAECOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES

Gynaecological Assessment and Management
324 (1)
General principles
324 (1)
Prescribing in pregnancy
324 (1)
Gynaecological Causes of Acute Abdominal Pain
324 (3)
Pelvic inflammatory disease (acute salpingitis)
325 (1)
Ruptured ovarian cyst
326 (1)
Ovarian torsion
326 (1)
Endometriosis
326 (1)
Bleeding in Early Pregnancy
327 (5)
Ruptured ectopic pregnancy
327 (2)
Spontaneous miscarriage
329 (2)
Septic abortion
331 (1)
Conditions in Late Pregnancy
332 (5)
Terminology
332 (1)
Antepartum haemorrhage
332 (1)
Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia
333 (1)
Emergency delivery
334 (1)
Trauma in late pregnancy
335 (1)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in late pregnancy
336 (1)
Women's Medicine Crises
337 (3)
Emergency contraception
337 (1)
Missed oral contraceptive pill
338 (1)
Domestic violence to females
339 (1)
Sexual assault
339 (1)
Further Reading
340 (2)
Section X OPHTHALMIC EMERGENCIES

Visual Acuity
342 (1)
Topical Ophthalmic Preparations
342 (1)
Traumatic Conditions of the Eye
343 (5)
Periorbital haematoma (`black eye')
343 (1)
Subconjunctival haematoma
343 (1)
Eyelid laceration
344 (1)
Eyelid burn
344 (1)
Chemical burns to the eye
344 (1)
Conjunctival foreign body
345 (1)
Corneal foreign body
346 (1)
Corneal abrasion
346 (1)
Flash burn (arc eye)
346 (1)
Blunt trauma to the eye
347 (1)
Penetrating trauma to the eye
348 (1)
Conditions Affecting the Eyelids
348 (3)
Blepharitis
348 (1)
Stye (external hordeolum)
349 (1)
Meibomian abscess (internal hordeolum)
349 (1)
Meibomian cyst (chalazion)
349 (1)
Dacryocystitis
349 (1)
Orbital and periorbital cellulitis
349 (1)
Basal cell carcinoma (rodent ulcer)
350 (1)
Ophthalmic shingles (herpes zoster ophthalmicus)
350 (1)
Painful, Red Eye
351 (3)
Acute conjunctivitis
351 (1)
Acute keratitis
352 (1)
Acute iritis
352 (1)
Acute episcleritis and scleritis
353 (1)
Acute glaucoma
353 (1)
Sudden Loss of Vision in the Uninflamed Eye
354 (3)
Central retinal artery occlusion
354 (1)
Central retinal vein occlusion
355 (1)
Vitreous haemorrhage
355 (1)
Retinal detachment
356 (1)
Optic neuritis
356 (1)
Further Reading
357 (3)
Section XI ENT EMERGENCIES

Traumatic Conditions of the Ear
360 (2)
Subperichondrial haematoma
360 (1)
Wounds of the auricle
360 (1)
Foreign body in the external ear
360 (1)
Perforated eardrum
361 (1)
Temporal bone fracture
361 (1)
Non-Traumatic Conditions of the Ear
362 (3)
Otitis externa
362 (1)
Furunculosis of the external ear
362 (1)
Acute otitis media
363 (1)
Mastoiditis
363 (1)
Vertigo
363 (1)
Facial nerve palsy
364 (1)
Traumatic Conditions of the Nose
365 (1)
Fractured nose
365 (1)
Foreign body in the nose
366 (1)
Non-Traumatic Conditions of the Nose
366 (2)
Epistaxis
366 (2)
Traumatic Conditions of the Throat
368 (1)
Non-Traumatic Conditions of the Throat
368 (3)
Tonsillitis
368 (1)
Quinsy (peritonsillar abscess)
369 (1)
Foreign body in the pharynx
369 (1)
Swallowed foreign body
370 (1)
Stridor
371 (1)
Further Reading
371 (3)
Section XII MAXILLOFACIAL AND DENTAL EMERGENCIES

Traumatic Conditions of the Face and Mouth
374 (5)
Lacerations
374 (1)
Tooth injuries
374 (1)
Fractured mandible
375 (1)
Dislocated mandible
376 (1)
Fracture of the zygoma or zygomaticomaxillary (malar) complex
377 (1)
Orbital floor `blow-out' fracture
378 (1)
Le Fort middle-third of face fractures
378 (1)
Non-Traumatic Conditions of the Mouth
379 (2)
Toothache
379 (1)
Dental abscess
379 (1)
Ludwig's angina
380 (1)
Submandibular swellings
380 (1)
Further Reading
381 (3)
Section XIII PSYCHIATRIC EMERGENCIES

Deliberate Self-Harm
384 (1)
Violent Patient
385 (2)
Alcohol and Drug Dependency and Abuse
387 (2)
Alcohol and drug withdrawal
387 (1)
Problem drinking
387 (1)
Opiate and intravenous drug addiction
388 (1)
Benzodiazepine and solvent addiction
389 (1)
Involuntary Admission
389 (1)
Further Reading
390 (2)
Section XIV TOXICOLOGY

Acute Poisoning: General Principles
392 (3)
Specific Poisons
395 (20)
Paracetamol
395 (3)
Salicylates
398 (1)
Tricyclic antidepressants
399 (2)
Benzodiazepines
401 (1)
Opioids
402 (1)
Iron
402 (1)
Digoxin
403 (2)
Lithium
405 (1)
Theophylline
406 (1)
β-blockers
407 (1)
Calcium-channel blocking drugs
408 (1)
Carbon monoxide
409 (1)
Cyanide
410 (1)
Chloroquine
411 (1)
Cocaine
412 (1)
Organophosphates
413 (1)
Paraquat
414 (1)
Chemical Burns
415 (1)
Further Reading
416 (2)
Section XV TOXINOLOGY EMERGENCIES

Snake Bites
418 (4)
Elapid snake bites
418 (3)
Viper (adder) snake bites
421 (1)
Spider Bites
422 (1)
Marine Envenomation
423 (2)
Bee and Wasp Stings
425 (1)
Further Reading
426 (2)
Section XVI ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCIES

Heat, Cold and Drowning
428 (6)
Heat illness
428 (2)
Other hyperthermia-related illness
430 (1)
Hypothermia
431 (2)
Drowning
433 (1)
Sports-Diving Accidents
434 (3)
Decompression illness
434 (2)
Decompression illness with barotrauma
436 (1)
Electrocution and Lightning Strike
437 (5)
Low-voltage electrocution
438 (1)
High-voltage electrocution
439 (1)
Electrical flash burns
440 (1)
Lightning strike
440 (2)
Further Reading
442 (2)
Section XVII ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGAL ISSUES

Habits of a Good Emergency Department Doctor
444 (4)
Excellence in emergency department care
444 (1)
Emergency department medical records
444 (1)
Communicating with the general practitioner
445 (1)
Breaking bad news
446 (1)
Risk management and incident reporting
447 (1)
Triage
448 (1)
Consent, Competence and Refusal of Treatment
449 (2)
Consent and competence
449 (1)
Refusal of treatment and discharge against medical advice
450 (1)
Police, Coroner and Attending Court
451 (2)
Police request for patient information
451 (1)
Police request to interview a patient
451 (1)
Police request for an alcohol breath test or blood sample
451 (1)
Request for a police medical statement
452 (1)
Coroner
452 (1)
Attending an inquest or court
453 (1)
Retrieval and Inter-Hospital Transfer
453 (1)
Major Incident
454 (8)
External disaster
454 (2)
Specialized hazardous materials responses
456 (2)
Chemical incident
458 (2)
Biological incident
460 (1)
Radiological incident
461 (1)
Further Reading
462 (2)
Section XVIII PRACTICAL PROCEDURES

Endotracheal Intubation
464 (1)
Rapid Sequence Induction Intubation
465 (2)
Cricothyrotomy
467 (2)
Needle Thoracentesis
469 (2)
Intercostal Catheter Insertion
471 (1)
DC Cardioversion
472 (1)
Pericardial Aspiration
473 (1)
Central Line Insertion
474 (4)
Intraosseous Line Insertion
478 (1)
Lumbar Puncture
479 (3)
Indwelling Urethral Catheter Insertion
482 (2)
Nasogastric Tube Insertion
484 (1)
Bier's Intravenous Regional Block
485 (1)
Femoral Nerve Block
486 (2)
Digital Nerve Ring Block
488 (1)
Knee Aspiration
489 (2)
Further Reading
491 (2)
Glossary 493 (8)
Appendix: Normal Laboratory Values 501 (4)
Index 505

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