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Medicinos knygos ir literatūra studijoms, mokslui, visuomenei

Mark S. Greenberg

Handbook of Neurosurgery 9th New edition

140,40€
 Priimami užsakymai

Prekės kodas: 9781684201372
Autorius: 
Mark S. Greenberg
ISBN: 
9781684201372
Leidykla: 
Thieme
Išleista: 
2019
Knygos kalba: 
Anglų
Formatas: 
A6
Viršelis: 
Minkštas
Puslapių: 
1784
Svoris: 1,020 kg
Matmenys: 203 mm × 0 mm × 127 mm

Tema (-os)

Visos knygos · Chirurgija · Neurologija · Žinynai

Dalintis

     

The quintessential neurosurgical handbook for day-to-day practice!

Now in an updated ninth edition, Handbook of Neurosurgery by Mark Greenberg is synonymous with the most classic neurosurgical handbook published to-date. It has enjoyed legendary status as the go-to manual for legions of neurosurgeons for more than a quarter century. The comprehensive and conveniently compact book brings together a wide range of clinical practice guidelines from disparate sources into an amazing one-stop resource.

Renowned for its depth and breadth, the updated text with nearly 1,800 pages encompasses the entire spectrum of neurosurgery including anatomy, physiology, differential diagnosis, and current principles of nonsurgical and surgical management. The text covers a huge scope of inherited, developmental, and acquired neurological disorders impacting pediatric to geriatric patients. The easy-to-navigate print and electronic formats provide an intuitive foundation for studying the field of neurosurgery.

Key Features:

Boxed summaries, key concepts, tables, practice guidelines, signs/symptoms, and "booking the case" highlight and clarify salient points
Thousands of well-organized cross references, index entries, and literature citations provide additional study sources
Significant revisions to the tumor section reflect a wealth of up-to-date information including treatments, guidelines, sources, and more
The addition of new figures enhances understanding of diseases

As with prior editions, this must-have daily reference book does a magnificent job making essential neurosurgical information, current trends, breakthrough research, and reviews readily accessible to all neurosurgeons and allied health practitioners.

This book includes complimentary access to a digital copy on https://medone.thieme.com.
Anatomy and Physiology

1 Gross Anatomy, Cranial and Spine
64 (18)
1.1 Cortical surface anatomy
64 (2)
1.2 Central sulcus on axial imaging
66 (2)
1.3 Surface anatomy of the cranium
68 (2)
1.4 Surface landmarks of spine levels
70 (1)
1.5 Cranial foramina and their contents
71 (2)
1.6 Internal capsule
73 (1)
1.7 Cerebellopontine angle anatomy
74 (1)
1.8 Occipitoatlantoaxial-complex anatomy
74 (3)
1.9 Spinal cord anatomy
77 (5)
2 Vascular Anatomy
82 (16)
2.1 Cerebral vascular territories
82 (1)
2.2 Cerebral arterial anatomy
82 (10)
2.3 Cerebral venous anatomy
92 (3)
2.4 Spinal cord vasculature
95 (3)
3 Neurophysiology and Regional Brain Syndromes
98 (18)
3.1 Neurophysiology
98 (8)
3.2 Regional brain syndromes
106 (4)
3.3 Jugular foramen syndromes
110 (6)
General and Neurology

4 Neuroanesthesia
116 (6)
4.1 ASA classification
116 (1)
4.2 Neuroanesthesia parameters
116 (1)
4.3 Drugs used in neuroanesthesia
117 (3)
4.4 Anesthetic requirements for intraoperative evoked potential monitoring
120 (1)
4.5 Malignant hyperthermia
120 (2)
5 Sodium Homeostasis and Osmolality
122 (17)
5.1 Serum osmolality and sodium concentration
122 (1)
5.2 Hyponatremia
122 (10)
5.3 Hypernatremia
132 (7)
6 General Neurocritical Care
139 (8)
6.1 Parenteral agents for hypertension
139 (1)
6.2 Hypotension (shock)
140 (2)
6.3 Acid inhibitors
142 (2)
6.4 Rhabdomyolysis
144 (3)
7 Sedatives, Paralytics, Analgesics
147 (11)
7.1 Sedatives and paralytics
147 (2)
7.2 Paralytics (neuromuscular blocking agents)
149 (2)
7.3 Analgesics
151 (7)
8 Endocrinology iss

8.1 Corticosteroids
158 (4)
8.2 Hypothyroidism
162 (1)
8.3 Pituitary embryology and neuroendocrinology
163 (4)
9 Hematology
167 (22)
9.1 Circulating blood volume
167 (1)
9.2 Blood component therapy
167 (3)
9.3 Anticoagulation considerations in neurosurgery
170 (16)
9.4 Extramedullar hematopoiesis
186 (3)
10 Neurology for Neurosurgeons
189 (20)
10.1 Dementia
189 (1)
10.2 Headache
189 (2)
10.3 Parkinsonism
191 (3)
10.4 Multiple sclerosis
194 (3)
10.5 Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
197 (1)
10.6 Motor neuron diseases
197 (2)
10.7 Guillain-Barre syndrome
199 (3)
10.8 Myelitis
202 (2)
10.9 Neurosarcoidosis
204 (5)
11 Neurovascular Disorders and Neurotoxicology
209 (19)
11.1 Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES)
209 (1)
11.2 Crossed cerebellar diaschisis
209 (1)
11.3 Vasculitis and vasculopathy
210 (9)
11.4 Neurotoxicology
219 (9)
Imaging and Diagnostics

12 Plain Radiology and Contrast Agents
228 (15)
12.1 C-Spine X-rays
228 (4)
12.2 Lumbosacral (LS) spine X-rays
232 (1)
12.3 Skull X-rays
233 (2)
12.4 Contrast agents in neuroradiology
235 (5)
12.5 Radiation safety for neurosurgeons
240 (3)
13 Imaging and Angiography
243 (10)
13.1 CAT scan (AKA CT scan)
243 (1)
13.2 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
244 (7)
13.3 Angiography
251 (1)
13.4 Myelography
251 (1)
13.5 Radionuclide scanning
251 (2)
14 Electrodiagnostics
253 (9)
14.1 Electroencephalogram (EEC)
253 (1)
14.2 Evoked potentials
253 (5)
14.3 NCS/EMC
258 (4)
Developmental Anomalies

15 Primary Intracranial Anomalies
262 (18)
15.1 Arachnoid cysts, intracranial
262 (3)
15.2 Craniofacial development
265 (6)
15.3 Dandy Walker malformation
271 (2)
15.4 Aqueductal stenosis
273 (2)
15.5 Agenesis of the corpus callosum
275 (1)
15.6 Absence of the septum pellucidum
276 (1)
15.7 Intracranial lipomas
276 (1)
15.8 Hypothalamic hamartomas
277 (3)
16 Primary Spinal Anomalies
280 (12)
16.1 Spinal arachnoid cysts
280 (1)
16.2 Spinal dysraphism (spina bifida)
280 (7)
16.3 Klippel-Feil syndrome
287 (1)
16.4 Tethered cord syndrome
287 (2)
16.5 Split cord malformation
289 (1)
16.6 Lumbosacral nerve root anomalies
290 (2)
17 Primary Craniospinal Anomalies
292 (20)
17.1 Chiari malformations
292 (11)
17.2 Neural tube defects
303 (4)
17.3 Neurenteric cysts
307 (5)
Coma and Brain Death

18 Coma
312 (12)
18.1 Coma and coma scales
312 (1)
18.2 Posturing
312 (1)
18.3 Etiologies of coma
313 (5)
18.4 Herniation syndromes
318 (3)
18.5 Hypoxic coma
321 (3)
19 Brain Death and Organ Donation
324 (10)
19.1 Brain death in adults
324 (1)
19.2 Brain death criteria
324 (5)
19.3 Brain death in children
329 (1)
19.4 Organ and tissue donation
330 (4)
Infection

20 Bacterial Infections of the Parenchyma and Meninges and Complex Infections
334 (21)
20.1 Meningitis
334 (2)
20.2 Cerebral abscess
336 (7)
20.3 Subdural empyema
343 (3)
20.4 Neurologic involvement in HIV/AIDS
346 (4)
20.5 Lyme disease---neurologic manifestations
350 (2)
20.6 Nocardia brain abscess
352 (3)
21 Skull, Spine, and Post-Surgical Infections
355 (24)
21.1 Shunt infection
355 (3)
21.2 External ventricular drain (EVD)-related infection
358 (3)
21.3 Wound infections
361 (3)
21.4 Osteomyelitis of the skull
364 (1)
21.5 Spine infections
364 (15)
22 Other Nonbacterial Infections
379 (17)
22.1 Viral encephalitis
379 (2)
22.2 Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
381 (4)
22.3 Parasitic infections of the CNS
385 (5)
22.4 Fungal infections of the CNS
390 (2)
22.5 Amebic infections of the CNS
392 (4)
Hydrocephalus and Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

23 Cerebrospinal Fluid
396 (12)
23.1 General CSF characteristics
396 (1)
23.2 Bulk flow model
396 (1)
23.3 CSF constituents
397 (1)
23.4 Cranial CSF fistula
397 (3)
23.5 Spinal CSF fistula
400 (1)
23.6 Meningitis in CSF fistula
400 (1)
23.7 Evaluation of the patient with CSF fistula
400 (2)
23.8 Treatment for CSF fistula
402 (1)
23.9 Intracranial hypotension
403 (5)
24 Hydrocephalus - General Aspects
408 (23)
24.1 Basic definition
408 (1)
24.2 Epidemiology
408 (1)
24.3 Etiologies of hydrocephalus
408 (1)
24.4 Signs and symptoms of HCP
409 (3)
24.5 CT/MRI criteria for hydrocephalus
412 (1)
24.6 Differential diagnosis of hydrocephalus
413 (1)
24.7 Chronic HCP
414 (1)
24.8 External hydrocephalus (AKA benign external hydrocephalus)
414 (1)
24.9 X-linked hydrocephalus
415 (1)
24.10 "Arrested hydrocephalus"
416 (1)
24.11 Entrapped fourth ventricle
416 (1)
24.12 Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)
417 (10)
24.13 Hydrocephalus and pregnancy
427 (4)
25 Treatment of Hydrocephalus
431 (27)
25.1 Medical treatment of hydrocephalus
431 (1)
25.2 Spinal taps
431 (1)
25.3 Surgical
431 (1)
25.4 Endoscopic third ventriculostomy
432 (1)
25.5 Shunts
433 (4)
25.6 Shunt problems
437 (8)
25.7 Specific shunt systems
445 (8)
25.8 Surgical insertion techniques
453 (1)
25.9 Instructions to patients
453 (5)
Seizures

26 Seizure Classification and Anti-Convulsant Pharmacology
458 (21)
26.1 Seizure classification
458 (4)
26.2 Antiepileptic drugs
462 (17)
27 Special Types of Seizures
479 (15)
27.1 New onset seizures
479 (1)
27.2 Posttraumatic seizures
480 (2)
27.3 Alcohol withdrawal seizures
482 (1)
27.4 Nonepileptic seizures
482 (3)
27.5 Febrile seizures
485 (1)
27.6 Status epilepticus
486 (8)
Pain

28 Pain
494 (12)
28.1 Major types of pain
494 (1)
28.2 Neuropathic pain syndromes
494 (1)
28.3 Craniofacial pain syndromes
495 (3)
28.4 Postherpetic neuralgia
498 (3)
28.5 Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
501 (5)
Peripheral Nerves

29 Peripheral Nerves
506 (11)
29.1 Peripheral nerves - definitions and grading scales
506 (2)
29.2 Muscle innervation
508 (3)
29.3 Peripheral nerve injury/surgery
511 (6)
30 Entrapment Neuropathies
517 (27)
30.1 Entrapment neuropathy - definitions and associations
517 (1)
30.2 Mechanism of injury
517 (1)
30.3 Occipital nerve entrapment
517 (2)
30.4 Median nerve entrapment
519 (10)
30.5 Ulnar nerve entrapment
529 (5)
30.6 Radial nerve injuries
534 (1)
30.7 Injury in the hand
535 (1)
30.8 Axillary nerve injuries
535 (1)
30.9 Suprascapular nerve
536 (1)
30.10 Meralgia paresthetica
537 (1)
30.11 Obturator nerve entrapment
538 (1)
30.12 Femoral nerve entrapment
538 (1)
30.13 Common peroneal nerve palsy
538 (2)
30.14 Tarsal tunnel
540 (4)
31 Non-Entrapment Peripheral Neuropathies
544 (18)
31.1 Definitions
544 (1)
31.2 Etiologies of peripheral neuropathy
544 (1)
31.3 Classification
544 (1)
31.4 Clinical
545 (1)
31.5 Syndromes of peripheral neuropathy
545 (8)
31.6 Peripheral nerve injuries
553 (4)
31.7 Missile injuries of peripheral nerves
557 (1)
31.8 Thoracic outlet syndrome
557 (5)
Neurophthalmology and Neurotology

32 Neurophthalmology
562 (16)
32.1 Nystagmus
562 (1)
32.2 Papilledema
562 (2)
32.3 Visual fields
564 (1)
32.4 Pupillary diameter
565 (6)
32.5 Extraocular muscle (EOM) system
571 (4)
32.6 Neurophthalmology syndromes
575 (1)
32.7 Miscellaneous neurophthalmology signs
576 (2)
33 Neurotology
578 (105)
33.1 Dizziness and vertigo
578 (1)
33.2 Meniere's disease
579 (104)
40 Tumors of Cranial, Spinal, and Peripheral Nerves
683 (24)
40.1 Vestibular schwannoma
683 (21)
40.2 Perineurioma (WHO grade l-lll)
704 (1)
40.3 Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) (no WHO grade)
704 (3)
41 Meningeal, Mesenchymal and Melanocytic Tumors
707 (18)
41.1 Meningiomas
707 (9)
41.2 Mesenchymal, non-meningothelial tumors
716 (5)
41.3 Melanocytic tumors
721 (4)
42 Lymphomas, Histiocytic Tumors, Germ Cell Tumors & Tumors of the Sellar Region
725 (14)
42.1 Lymphomas (CNS)
725 (4)
42.2 Histiocytic tumors
729 (1)
42.3 Germ cell tumors (GCT)
730 (1)
42.4 Tumors of the sellar region
731 (8)
Tumors of Non-Neural Origin

43 Pituitary Tumors - General Information and Classification
739 (11)
43.1 Pituitary tumors - key concepts
739 (1)
43.2 General tumor types
739 (1)
43.3 Epidemiology
739 (1)
43.4 Differential diagnosis of pituitary tumors
739 (1)
43.5 Clinical presentation of pituitary tumors
740 (3)
43.6 Specific types of pituitary tumors
743 (7)
44 Pituitary Adenomas - Evaluation and Nonsurgical Management
750 (19)
44.1 Evaluation
750 (9)
44.2 Management/treatment recommendations
759 (7)
44.3 Radiation therapy for pituitary adenomas
766 (3)
45 Pituitary Adenomas - Surgical Management, Outcome, and Recurrence Management
769 (11)
45.1 Surgical treatment for pituitary adenomas
769 (7)
45.2 Outcome following transsphenoidal surgery
776 (1)
45.3 Follow-up suggestions for pituitary adenomas
777 (1)
45.4 Recurrent pituitary adenomas
778 (2)
46 Esthesioneuroblastoma, Cysts & Tumor-Like Lesions
780 (14)
46.1 Esthesioneuroblastoma
780 (1)
46.2 Rathke's cleft cyst
781 (2)
46.3 Colloid cyst
783 (4)
46.4 Epidermoid and dermoid tumors
787 (3)
46.5 Pineal cysts (PCs)
790 (4)
47 Pseudotumor Cerebri and Empty Sella Syndrome
794 (10)
47.1 Pseudotumor cerebri
794 (7)
47.2 Empty sella syndrome
801 (3)
48 Tumors and Tumor-Like Lesions of the Skull
804 (9)
48.1 Skull tumors
804 (3)
48.2 Non-neoplastic skull lesions
807 (6)
49 Tumors of the Spine and Spinal Cord
813 (18)
49.1 Spine tumors - general information
813 (1)
49.2 Compartmental locations of spinal tumors
813 (1)
49.3 Differential diagnosis: spine and spinal cord tumors
813 (2)
49.4 Intradural extramedullar spinal cord tumors
815 (3)
49.5 Intramedullary spinal cord tumors
818 (4)
49.6 Primary bone tumors of the spine
822 (9)
50 Metastatic and Hematopoietic Tumors
831 (27)
50.1 Cerebral metastases
831 (12)
50.2 Spinal epidural metastases
843 (6)
50.3 Hematopoietic tumors
849 (9)
Head Trauma

51 Head Trauma - General Information, Grading, Initial Management
858 (18)
51.1 Head trauma - general information
858 (1)
51.2 Grading
858 (1)
51.3 Transfer of trauma patients
859 (1)
51.4 Management in E/R
860 (6)
51.5 Radiographic evaluation
866 (3)
51.6 Admitting orders for minor or moderate head injury
869 (1)
51.7 Patients with associated severe systemic injuries
870 (1)
51.8 Exploratory burr holes
871 (5)
52 Concussion, High-Altitude Cerebral Edema, Cerebrovascular Injuries
876 (15)
52.1 Concussion
876 (6)
52.2 Other TBI definitions and concepts
882 (2)
52.3 High-altitude cerebral edema
884 (1)
52.4 Traumatic cervical artery dissections
884 (7)
53 Neuromonitoring in Head Trauma
891 (26)
53.1 General information
891 (1)
53.2 Intracranial pressure (ICP)
891 (8)
53.3 Adjuncts to ICP monitoring
899 (2)
53.4 Treatment measures for elevated ICP
901 (16)
54 Skull Fractures
917 (9)
54.1 Types of skull fractures
917 (1)
54.2 Linear skull fractures over the convexity
917 (1)
54.3 Depressed skull fractures
917 (2)
54.4 Basal skull fractures
919 (2)
54.5 Craniofacial fractures
921 (1)
54.6 Pneumocephalus
922 (4)
55 Traumatic Hemorrhagic Conditions
926 (18)
55.1 Posttraumatic parenchymal injuries
926 (1)
55.2 Hemorrhagic contusion
926 (1)
55.3 Epidural hematoma
927 (3)
55.4 Acute subdural hematoma
930 (4)
55.5 Chronic subdural hematoma
934 (3)
55.6 Spontaneous subdural hematoma
937 (1)
55.7 Traumatic subdural hygroma
937 (2)
55.8 Extraaxial fluid collections in children
939 (1)
55.9 Traumatic posterior fossa mass lesions
940 (4)
56 Gunshot Wounds and Non-Missile Penetrating Brain Injuries
944 (5)
56.1 Gunshot wounds to the head
944 (3)
56.2 Non-missile penetrating trauma
947 (2)
57 Pediatric Head Injury
949 (7)
57.1 Epidemiology of pediatric head injury and comparison to adults
949 (1)
57.2 Management
949 (1)
57.3 Outcome
950 (1)
57.4 Cephalhematoma
950 (1)
57.5 Skull fractures in pediatric patients
951 (1)
57.6 Retroclival hematoma
952 (2)
57.7 Nonaccidental trauma (NAT)
954 (2)
58 Head Injury - Long-Term Management, Complications, Outcome
956 (12)
58.1 Airway management
956 (1)
58.2 Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis
956 (1)
58.3 Nutrition in the head-injured patient
956 (2)
58.4 Posttraumatic hydrocephalus
958 (1)
58.5 Outcome from head trauma
959 (2)
58.6 Late complications from traumatic brain injury
961 (7)
Spine Trauma

59 Spine Injuries - General Information, Neurologic Assessment, Whiplash and Sports-Related Injuries, Pediatric Spine Injuries
968 (19)
59.1 Introduction
968 (1)
59.2 Terminology
968 (1)
59.3 Whiplash-associated disorders
969 (2)
59.4 Pediatric spine injuries
971 (2)
59.5 Cervical bracing
973 (1)
59.6 Follow-up schedule
974 (1)
59.7 Sports-related cervical spine injuries
974 (3)
59.8 Neurological assessment
977 (3)
59.9 Spinal cord injuries
980 (7)
60 Management of Spinal Cord Injury
987 (13)
60.1 Spinal trauma management - general information
987 (1)
60.2 Management in the field
987 (1)
60.3 Management in the hospital
988 (2)
60.4 Radiographic evaluation and initial C-spine immobilization
990 (5)
60.5 Traction/reduction of cervical spine injuries
995 (3)
60.6 Timing of surgery following spinal cord injury
998 (2)
61 Occipitoatlantoaxial Injuries (Occiput to C2)
1000 (26)
61.1 Atlantooccipital dislocation
1000 (3)
61.2 Occipital condyle fractures
1003 (2)
61.3 Atlantoaxial subluxation/dislocation
1005 (3)
61.4 Atlas (C1) fractures
1008 (3)
61.5 Axis (C2) fractures
1011 (11)
61.6 Combination C1 & C2 injuries
1022 (4)
62 Subaxial (C3 through C7) Injuries / Fractures
1026 (15)
62.1 Classification systems
1026 (2)
62.2 Clay shoveler's fracture
1028 (1)
62.3 Vertical compression injuries
1028 (1)
62.4 Flexion injuries of the subaxial cervical spine
1028 (3)
62.5 Distraction flexion injuries
1031 (3)
62.6 Extension injuries of the subaxial cervical spine
1034 (2)
62.7 Treatment of subaxial cervical spine fractures
1036 (2)
62.8 Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA)
1038 (3)
63 Thoracic, Lumbar and Sacral Spine Fractures
1041 (16)
63.1 Assessment and management of thoracolumbar fractures
1041 (6)
63.2 Surgical treatment
1047 (1)
63.3 Osteoporotic spine fractures
1048 (6)
63.4 Sacral fractures
1054 (3)
64 Penetrating Spine Injuries and Long Term Considerations of Spine Injuries
1057 (8)
64.1 Gunshot wounds to the spine
1057 (1)
64.2 Penetrating trauma to the neck
1057 (2)
64.3 Delayed cervical instability
1059 (1)
64.4 Delayed deterioration following spinal cord injuries
1059 (1)
64.5 Chronic management issues with spinal cord injuries
1059 (6)
Non-Traumatic Spine and Spinal Cord Conditions

65 Low Back Pain and Radiculopathy
1065 (22)
65.1 Low back pain - general information
1065 (1)
65.2 Intervertebral disc
1065 (1)
65.3 Nomenclature for disc pathology
1065 (1)
65.4 Vertebral body marrow changes
1066 (1)
65.5 Clinical terms
1066 (1)
65.6 Disability, pain and outcome determinations
1067 (1)
65.7 Differential diagnosis of low back pain
1067 (1)
65.8 Initial assessment of the patient with back pain
1067 (2)
65.9 Radiographic evaluation
1069 (4)
65.10 Electrodiagnostics for low back problems
1073 (1)
65.11 Bone scan for low back problems
1074 (1)
65.12 Thermography for low back problems
1074 (1)
65.13 Psychosocial factors
1074 (1)
65.14 Treatment
1074 (5)
65.15 Chronic low back pain
1079 (1)
65.16 Coccydynia
1079 (2)
65.17 Failed back surgery syndrome
1081 (6)
66 Lumbar and Thoracic Intervertebral Disc Herniation / Radiculopathy
1087 (28)
66.1 Lumbar disc herniation and lumbar radiculopathy
1087 (17)
66.2 Thoracic disc herniation
1104 (11)
67 Cervical Disc Herniation
1115 (14)
67.1 Cervical disc herniation - general information
1115 (1)
67.2 Cervical nerve root syndromes (cervical radiculopathy)
1115 (1)
67.3 Cervical myelopathy and SCI due to cervical disc herniation
1115 (1)
67.4 Differential diagnosis
1115 (1)
67.5 Physical exam for cervical disc herniation
1116 (1)
67.6 Radiologic evaluation
1116 (1)
67.7 Treatment
1117 (12)
68 Degenerative Cervical Disc Disease and Cervical Myelopathy
1129 (13)
68.1 Cervical disc degeneration - general information
1129 (1)
68.2 Pathophysiology
1129 (1)
68.3 Clinical
1130 (3)
68.4 Differential diagnosis
1133 (1)
68.5 Evaluation
1133 (2)
68.6 Treatment
1135 (4)
68.7 Coincident cervical and lumbar spinal stenosis
1139 (3)
69 Thoracic and Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
1142 (17)
69.1 Degenerative disc disease - general information
1142 (1)
69.2 Anatomic substrate
1142 (5)
69.3 Risk factors
1147 (1)
69.4 Associated conditions
1147 (1)
69.5 Clinical presentation
1148 (1)
69.6 Differential diagnosis
1149 (1)
69.7 Diagnostic evaluation
1150 (1)
69.8 Treatment
1151 (5)
69.9 Outcome
1156 (3)
70 Adult Spinal Deformity and Degenerative Scoliosis
1159 (12)
70.1 Adult spinal deformity - general information
1159 (1)
70.2 Epidemiology
1159 (1)
70.3 Clinical evaluation
1159 (1)
70.4 Diagnostic testing
1159 (1)
70.5 Pertinent spine measurements
1160 (1)
70.6 SRS-Schwab classification of adult spinal deformity
1161 (1)
70.7 Treatment/management
1162 (9)
71 Special Conditions Affecting the Spine
1171 (23)
71.1 Paget's disease of the spine
1171 (3)
71.2 Anklyosing and ossifying conditions of the spine
1174 (8)
71.3 Scheuermann's kyphosis
1182 (2)
71.4 Miscellaneous conditions affecting the spine
1184 (10)
72 Other Non-Spine Conditions with Spine Implications
1194 (6)
72.1 Rheumatoid arthritis
1194 (4)
72.2 Down syndrome
1198 (1)
72.3 Morbid obesity
1199 (1)
73 Special Conditions Affecting the Spinal Cord
1200 (16)
73.1 Spinal vascular malformations
1200 (2)
73.2 Spinal meningeal cysts
1202 (1)
73.3 Juxtafacet cysts of the lumbar spine
1203 (2)
73.4 Syringomyelia
1205 (5)
73.5 Posttraumatic syringomyelia
1210 (1)
73.6 Spinal cord herniation (idiopathic)
1211 (1)
73.7 Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL)
1212 (1)
73.8 Craniocervical junction and upper cervical spine abnormalities
1212 (4)
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Aneurysms

74 Aneurysms - Introduction, Grading, Special Conditions
1216 (14)
74.1 Introduction and overview
1216 (1)
74.2 Etiologies of SAH
1216 (1)
74.3 Incidence
1217 (1)
74.4 Risk factors for SAH
1217 (1)
74.5 Clinical features
1217 (2)
74.6 Work-up of suspected SAH
1219 (4)
74.7 Grading SAH
1223 (1)
74.8 Pregnancy and intracranial hemorrhage
1224 (1)
74.9 Hydrocephalus after SAH
1225 (5)
75 Critical Care of Aneurysm Patients
1230 (21)
75.1 Initial management of SAH
1230 (5)
75.2 Rebleeding
1235 (1)
75.3 Neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy (NSC)
1236 (1)
75.4 Neurogenic pulmonary edema
1237 (1)
75.5 Vasospasm
1237 (8)
75.6 Post-op orders for aneurysm clipping
1245 (6)
76 SAH from Cerebral Aneurysm Rupture
1251 (19)
76.1 Epidemiology of cerebral aneurysms
1251 (1)
76.2 Etiology of cerebral aneurysms
1251 (1)
76.3 Location of cerebral aneurysms
1251 (1)
76.4 Presentation of cerebral aneurysms
1251 (2)
76.5 Conditions associated with aneurysms
1253 (1)
76.6 Treatment options for aneurysms
1254 (5)
76.7 Timing of aneurysm surgery
1259 (2)
76.8 General technical considerations of aneurysm surgery
1261 (9)
77 Aneurysm Type by Location
1270 (12)
77.1 Anterior communicating artery aneurysms
1270 (1)
77.2 Distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms
1271 (1)
77.3 Posterior communicating artery aneurysms
1272 (1)
77.4 Carotid terminus (bifurcation) aneurysms
1273 (1)
77.5 Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms
1273 (1)
77.6 Supraclinoid aneurysms
1274 (1)
77.7 Posterior circulation aneurysms
1275 (7)
78 Special Aneurysms and Non-Aneurysmal SAH
1282 (18)
78.1 Unruptured aneurysms
1282 (4)
78.2 Multiple aneurysms
1286 (1)
78.3 Familial aneurysms
1286 (1)
78.4 Traumatic aneurysms
1287 (1)
78.5 Mycotic aneurysms
1288 (1)
78.6 Giant aneurysms
1289 (1)
78.7 Cortical subarachnoid hemorrhage
1290 (1)
78.8 SAH of unknown etiology
1290 (2)
78.9 Pretruncal nonaneurysmal SAH (PNSAH)
1292 (8)
Vascular Malformations

79 Vascular Malformations
1300 (30)
79.1 Vascular malformations - general information and classification
1300 (1)
79.2 Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
1300 (8)
79.3 Developmental venous anomalies (DVA) (venous angiomas)
1308 (1)
79.4 Angiographically occult vascular malformations
1309 (1)
79.5 Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome
1309 (1)
79.6 Cavernous malformation
1310 (6)
79.7 Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF)
1316 (4)
79.8 Vein of Galen malformation
1320 (1)
79.9 Carotid-cavernous fistula
1321 (2)
79.10 Sigmoid sinus diverticulum
1323 (7)
Stroke and Occlusive Cerebrovascular Disease

80 Stroke-General Information and Physiology
1330 (17)
80.1 Definitions
1330 (1)
80.2 Cerebrovascular hemodynamics
1330 (1)
80.3 Collateral circulation
1331 (1)
80.4 "Occlusion" syndromes
1332 (3)
80.5 Stroke in young adults
1335 (2)
80.6 Atherosclerotic carotid artery disease
1337 (10)
81 Evaluation and Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke
1347 (23)
81.1 Stroke management - general information (time = brain)
1347 (1)
81.2 Rapid initial evaluation/management
1347 (1)
81.3 NIH stroke scale (NIHSS)
1348 (2)
81.4 General management for acute ischemic stroke (AIS)
1350 (3)
81.5 Imaging in acute ischemic stroke (AIS)
1353 (2)
81.6 Management of TIA or stroke
1355 (4)
81.7 Carotid endarterectomy
1359 (6)
81.8 Carotid angioplasty/stenting
1365 (5)
82 Special Conditions
1370 (24)
82.1 Totally occluded internal carotid artery
1370 (1)
82.2 Cerebellar infarction
1371 (1)
82.3 Malignant middle cerebral artery territory infarction
1372 (1)
82.4 Cardiogenic brain embolism
1373 (1)
82.5 Vertebrobasilar insufficiency
1374 (1)
82.6 Bow hunter's stroke
1375 (2)
82.7 Cerebral venous thrombosis
1377 (7)
82.8 Moyamoya disease
1384 (4)
82.9 Extracranial-intracranial (EC/IC) bypass
1388 (6)
83 Cerebral Arterial Dissections
1394 (8)
83.1 Cerebral arterial dissections - key concepts
1394 (1)
83.2 Nomenclature
1394 (1)
83.3 Pathophysiology
1394 (1)
83.4 Epidemiology
1395 (1)
83.5 Sites of dissection
1395 (1)
83.6 Clinical
1395 (1)
83.7 Evaluation
1395 (1)
83.8 Overall outcome
1396 (1)
83.9 Vessel specific information
1396 (6)
Intracerebral Hemorrhage

84 Intracerebral Hemorrhage
1402 (34)
84.1 Intracerebral hemorrhage - general information
1402 (1)
84.2 Epidemiology
1402 (1)
84.3 Locations of hemorrhage within the brain
1403 (1)
84.4 Etiologies
1404 (4)
84.5 Clinical
1408 (2)
84.6 Evaluation
1410 (2)
84.7 Initial management of ICH
1412 (5)
84.8 Surgical treatment
1417 (3)
84.9 Outcome
1420 (1)
84.10 ICH in young adults
1421 (1)
84.11 Intracerebral hemorrhage in the newborn
1421 (7)
84.12 Other causes of intracerebral hemorrhage in the newborn
1428 (8)
Outcome Assessment

85 Outcome Assessment
1436 (6)
85.1 Cancer
1436 (1)
85.2 Head injury
1436 (1)
85.3 Cerebrovascular events
1436 (3)
85.4 Spinal cord injury
1439 (3)
Differential Diagnosis

86 Differential Diagnosis by Location or Radiographic Finding - Intracranial
1442 (27)
86.1 Diagnoses covered outside this chapter
1442 (1
86.2 Posterior fossa lesions
1442 (4)
86.3 Multiple intracranial lesions on CT or MRI
1446 (1)
86.4 Ring-enhancing lesions on CT/MRI
1447 (2)
86.5 White matter lesions
1449 (1)
86.6 Sellar, suprasellar, and parasellar lesions
1449 (3)
86.7 Intracranial cysts
1452 (1)
86.8 Orbital lesions
1453 (1)
86.9 Cavernous sinus lesions
1454 (1)
86.10 Skull lesions
1454 (3)
86.11 Other abnormalities of the skull
1457 (1)
86.12 Combined intracranial/extracranial lesions
1458 (1)
86.13 Intracranial hyperdensities
1458 (1)
86.14 Intracranial calcifications
1458 (2)
86.15 Intraventricular lesions
1460 (2)
86.16 Periventricular lesions
1462 (1)
86.17 Meningeal thickening/enhancement
1463 (1)
86.18 Ependymal and subependymal enhancement
1464 (1)
86.19 Intraventricular hemorrhage
1464 (1)
86.20 Medial temporal lobe lesions
1465 (1)
86.21 Basal ganglion abnormalities
1465 (1)
86.22 Thalamic lesions
1465 (1)
86.23 Intranasal/intracranial lesions
1466 (3)
87 Differential Diagnosis by Location or Radiographic Finding - Spine
1469 (6)
87.1 Diagnoses covered outside this chapter
1469 (1)
87.2 Atlantoaxial subluxation
1469 (1)
87.3 Abnormalities in vertebral bodies
1469 (1)
87.4 Axis (C2) vertebra lesions
1470 (1)
87.5 Mass posterior to the odontoid process
1470 (1)
87.6 Pathologic fractures of the spine
1471 (1)
87.7 Spinal epidural masses
1471 (1)
87.8 Destructive lesions of the spine
1471 (1)
87.9 Vertebral hyperostosis
1472 (1)
87.10 Sacral lesions
1472 (1)
87.11 Enhancing nerve roots
1473 (1)
87.12 Nodular enhancing lesions in the spinal canal
1473 (1)
87.13 Intraspinal cysts
1473 (1)
87.14 Diffuse enhancement of nerve roots/cauda equina
1473 (2)
88 Differential Diagnosis (DDx) by Signs and Symptoms - Primarily Intracranial
1475 (12)
88.1 Diagnoses covered outside this chapter
1475 (1)
88.2 Encephalopathy
1475 (1)
88.3 Syncope and apoplexy
1476 (1)
88.4 Transient neurologic deficit
1477 (1)
88.5 Ataxia/balance difficulties
1478 (1)
88.6 Diplopia
1478 (1)
88.7 Anosmia
1479 (1)
88.8 Multiple cranial nerve palsies (cranial neuropathies)
1479 (2)
88.9 Binocular blindness
1481 (1)
88.10 Monocular blindness
1481 (1)
88.11 Exophthalmos
1482 (1)
88.12 Ptosis
1482 (1)
88.13 Pathologic lid retraction
1483 (1)
88.14 Macrocephaly
1483 (1)
88.15 Tinnitus
1484 (1)
88.16 Facial sensory changes
1485 (1)
88.17 Language disturbance
1485 (2)
89 Differential Diagnosis (DDx) by Signs and Symptoms - Primarily Spine and Other
1487 (20)
89.1 Diagnoses covered outside this chapter
1487 (1)
89.2 Myelopathy
1487 (4)
89.3 Sciatica
1491 (2)
89.4 Acute paraplegia or quadriplegia
1493 (1)
89.5 Hemiparesis or hemiplegia
1494 (1)
89.6 Ascending paralysis
1495 (1)
89.7 Descending paralysis
1495 (1)
89.8 Low back pain
1495 (2)
89.9 Foot drop
1497 (2)
89.10 Weakness/atrophy of the hands/UEs
1499 (2)
89.11 Radiculopathy, upper extremity (cervical)
1501 (1)
89.12 Neck pain (cervical pain)
1501 (1)
89.13 Burning hands/feet
1502 (1)
89.14 Muscle pain/tenderness
1502 (1)
89.15 Lhermitte's sign
1502 (1)
89.16 Swallowing difficulties
1502 (5)
Procedures, Interventions, Operations

90 Intraoperative Dyes, OR Equipment, Surgical Hemostasis & Bone Extenders
1507 (10)
90.1 Introduction
1507 (1)
90.2 Intraoperative dyes
1507 (1)
90.3 Operating room equipment
1507 (2)
90.4 Surgical hemostasis
1509 (1)
90.5 Localizing levels in spine surgery
1509 (1)
90.6 Bone graft
1510 (7)
91 Craniotomies - General Information & Cortical Mapping
1517 (8)
91.1 Craniotomy - general information
1517 (3)
91.2 Intraoperative cortical mapping (brain mapping)
1520 (5)
92 Posterior Fossa Craniotomies
1525 (11)
92.1 Indications
1525 (1)
92.2 Position
1525 (3)
92.3 Paramedian suboccipital craniectomy
1528 (2)
92.4 Midline suboccipital craniectomy
1530 (2)
92.5 Extreme lateral posterior fossa approach
1532 (1)
92.6 Cranioplasty for suboccipital craniectomy
1532 (1)
92.7 Post-op considerations for p-fossa craniotomies
1533 (3)
93 Supratentorial Craniotomies
1536 (9)
93.1 Pterional craniotomy
1536 (3)
93.2 Temporal craniotomy
1539 (3)
93.3 Frontal craniotomy
1542 (1)
93.4 Petrosal craniotomy
1543 (1)
93.5 Occipital craniotomy
1544 (1)
94 Approaches to the Lateral and Third Ventricles, Decompressive Craniectomies & Cranioplasty
1545 (14)
94.1 Approaches to the lateral ventricle
1545 (1)
94.2 Approaches to the third ventricle
1545 (5)
94.3 Interhemispheric approach
1550 (1)
94.4 Cranioplasty
1550 (3)
94.5 Decompressive craniectomy
1553 (6)
95 Spine, Cervical
1559 (19)
95.1 Anterior approaches to the cervical spine
1559 (1)
95.2 Transoral approach to anterior craniocervical junction
1559 (2)
95.3 Occipitocervical fusion
1561 (2)
95.4 Anterior odontoid screw fixation
1563 (2)
95.5 Atlantoaxial fusion (C1-2 arthrodesis)
1565 (6)
95.6 C2 screws
1571 (4)
95.7 Anterior cervical vertebral body screw-plate fixation
1575 (1)
95.8 Zero profile interbody devices
1575 (3)
96 Spine, Thoracic and Lumbar
1578 (20)
96.1 Anterior access to the cervicothoracic junction/upper thoracic spine
1578 (1)
96.2 Anterior access to mid and lower thoracic spine
1578 (1)
96.3 Thoracic pedicle screws
1578 (5)
96.4 Anterior access to thoracolumbar junction
1583 (1)
96.5 Anterior access to the lumbar spine
1583 (1)
96.6 Instrumentation/fusion pearls for the lumbar and lumbosacral spine
1583 (1)
96.7 Lumbosacral pedicle screws
1583 (4)
96.8 Lumbar cortical bone trajectory screw fixation
1587 (2)
96.9 Translaminar lumbar screw fixation
1589 (1)
96.10 Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF and TLIF)
1589 (1)
96.11 Minimally invasive lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas interbody fusion
1589 (4)
96.12 Transfacet pedicle screws
1593 (1)
96.13 Facet fusion
1593 (1)
96.14 S2 screws
1593 (1)
96.15 Iliac fixation
1593 (2)
96.16 Post-op clinic visits---lumbar and/or thoracic spine fusion
1595 (3)
97 Miscellaneous Surgical Procedures
1598 (25)
97.1 Percutaneous ventricular puncture
1598 (1)
97.2 Percutaneous subdural tap
1598 (1)
97.3 Lumbar puncture
1598 (6)
97.4 Lumbar catheter CSF drainage
1604 (1)
97.5 C1-2 puncture and cisternal tap
1605 (1)
97.6 Ventricular catheterization
1606 (4)
97.7 CSF diversionary procedures
1610 (6)
97.8 Ventricular access device
1616 (1)
97.9 Sural nerve biopsy
1617 (2)
97.10 Nerve blocks
1619 (1)
97.11 Multistranded cable for spine fusion
1620 (3)
98 Functional Neurosurgery & Stereotactic Neurosurgery
1623 (38)
98.1 Introduction
1623 (1)
98.2 Stereotactic surgery
1623 (1)
98.3 Deep brain stimulation
1624 (5)
98.4 Torticollis
1629 (1)
98.5 Spasticity
1630 (8)
98.6 Neurovascular compression syndromes
1638 (16)
98.7 Sympathectomy
1654 (7)
99 Pain Procedures
1661 (12)
99.1 Prerequisites for pain procedures
1661 (1)
99.2 Choice of pain procedure
1661 (1)
99.3 Types of pain procedures
1661 (1)
99.4 Cordotomy
1662 (2)
99.5 Commissural myelotomy
1664 (1)
99.6 Punctate midline myelotomy
1664 (1)
99.7 CNS narcotic administration
1665 (2)
99.8 Spinal cord stimulation (SCS)
1667 (3)
99.9 Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
1670 (1)
99.10 Dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) lesions
1670 (3)
100 Seizure Surgery
1673 (7)
100.1 Indications for seizure surgery
1673 (1)
100.2 Pre-surgical evaluation
1673 (1)
100.3 Surgical techniques
1674 (1)
100.4 Surgical procedures
1675 (2)
100.5 Risks of seizure surgery
1677 (1)
100.6 MRI guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRGLITT)
1677 (1)
100.7 Postoperative management for seizure surgery (epilepsy surgery)
1677 (1)
100.8 Outcome
1677 (3)
101 Radiation Therapy (XRT)
1680 (14)
101.1 Introduction
1680 (1)
101.2 Conventional external beam radiation
1680 (4)
101.3 Stereotactic radiosurgery and radiotherapy
1684 (7)
101.4 Interstitial brachytherapy
1691 (3)
102 Endovascular Neurosurgery
1694 (28)
102.1 Endovascular neurosurgery - introduction
1694 (1)
102.2 Pharmacologic agents
1695 (6)
102.3 Neuroendovascular procedure basics
1701 (2)
102.4 Diagnostic angiography for cerebral subarachnoid hemorrhage
1703 (1)
102.5 Disease-specific intervention
1703 (19)
Appendix

103 Quick Reference Tables and Figures
1722 (9)
Index 1731

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